What was the main purpose of the Spanish colonies in the Americas quizlet?
Spain set up colonies in North America to protect its claim to the land and to convert American Indians to Christianity.
Why were the Spanish interested in establishing colonies in the Americas?
The main motivations for colonial expansion were profit through resource extraction and the spread of Catholicism through indigenous conversions.
How did the Spanish government organize the colonies after 1600?
How did the Spanish organize their colonies? The colonies were divided into Viceroyalties (like states), and each was overseen by a viceroy. The viceroy cited as the king for that area and answered only to the king of Spain and the Council of the Indies.
Why did the Spanish government establish the Encomienda system in the Spanish colonies?
Although the original intent of the encomienda was to reduce the abuses of forced labour (repartimiento) employed shortly after Europeans’ 15th-century discovery of the New World, in practice it became a form of enslavement.
Which was a major impact of Spanish colonization of the Americas?
When the Spanish conquered the Americas, they brought in their own religion. Hundreds of Native Americans converted to Christianity. Churches, monasteries, shrines and parishes were built. This was one of the Spanish’s main goals in colonization, as well as giving Spain more power.
How did Spain become a colonial power in North America?
The Spanish Empire in the Americas was formed after conquering indigenous empires and claiming large stretches of land, beginning with Christopher Columbus in the Caribbean Islands.
Where did Spain explore and create colonies?
The Spanish Empire between 1492 and 1892, expanded across most of Central America, the Caribbean, Mexico, and much of North America. In its conquest of the New World, the Spanish subdued and defeated the Inca civilization of Peru, the Aztecs of Central America, and the Maya civilization of the Yucatan.
What are two reasons that the Spanish and French colonized America?
Spain colonized America because they were searching for gold and silver. They did find a lot of gold and silver when they conquered the Aztec and Inca Empires. France colonized North America because of the great amount of furs they found there.
Why were the Spanish initially the most successful European power to colonize in the Americas?
Spain soon grew rich from ample deposits of gold and silver in Mexico, Central America, and South America. In addition to the quest for gold, however, Spain sought to spread Christianity.
How did Spain establish their colonies?
In 1493, during his second voyage, Columbus founded Isabela, the first permanent Spanish settlement in the New World, on Hispaniola. After finding gold in recoverable quantities nearby, the Spanish quickly overran the island and spread to Puerto Rico in 1508, to Jamaica in 1509, and to Cuba in 1511.
How did Spanish colonies develop?
Digital History. Spain grew rich from the gold and silver it found after conquering native civilizations in Mexico and South America. However, conflict with Indians and the failure to find major silver or gold deposits made it difficult to persuade settlers to colonize there.
How did the Spanish rule their colonies?
In order to control its new empire, Spain created a formal system of government to rule its colonies. todemand labor or taxes from Native Americans. The Spanish forced Native Americans to work in the gold and silver mines. Many died when the tunnels caved in.
What was most significant result of the Spanish colonization of Central and South America?
What was the most significant result of the Spanish colonization of Central and South America? Spain became rich by stealing the wealth of the American colonies. Spain brought advanced cultural values to the American colonies.
What was the benefit to the Spanish crown of an encomienda?
What was the benefit to the Spanish crown of an encomienda? a. The crown could use the encomienda to directly oversee missionary work among the Indians.
How did the Spanish benefit from the encomienda system?
Why is the encomienda system so important? The encomienda system allowed for a vast accumulation of wealth by the conquistadors and the Spanish crown. They benefited from the discovery of gold and silver in the New World, and the mining of those metals by their laborers.