The Requerimiento (Spanish for “requirement” as in “demand”) was read to Native Americans to inform them of Spain’s rights to conquest. The Spaniards thus considered those who resisted as defying God’s plan, and so used Catholic theology to justify their conquest.
How did the Spanish justify their claim to land in the New World?
Over time, Spanish America evolved into a hybrid culture—part Spanish, part Indian, and, in some areas, part African. The Spanish justified their claim to land in the New World through all of the following EXCEPT: … believing that their culture was superior to that of the Indians.
What were the Spanish motives for conquest?
The Spanish Conquistadors had many goals, but the two primary reasons for conquering were to steal wealth for their country and to civilize the natives with religion—in particular, Catholicism.
What are the three most important reason for the Spanish conquest?
The overthrow of the Aztec Empire by Cortez and his expedition rests on three factors: The fragility of that empire, the tactical advantages of Spanish technology, and smallpox.
How did the Spanish conquer and colonize the Americas?
Spain shifted strategies after the military expeditions wove their way through the southern and western half of North America. Missions became the engine of colonization in North America. Missionaries, most of whom were members of the Franciscan religious order, provided Spain with an advance guard in North America.
Was the Spanish conquest justified?
The colonization of the New World by European adventurers was “justified” at the time on spiritual and religious grounds. In the conquest of the Americas, the Christian duty to evangelize nonbelievers took the form of conversion of Indians and other pagans at the hands of Roman Catholic priests.
How did the Spanish and Portuguese justify their conquest of the New World?
A thirst for glory: European competition for global dominance. Competition between the Portuguese and the Spanish motivated both nations to colonize quickly and aggressively. Prince Henry the Navigator spearheaded Portugal’s exploration of Africa and the Atlantic in the 1400s.
What was the main goal of the Spanish missionaries?
The main goal of the California missions was to convert Native Americans into devoted Christians and Spanish citizens. Spain used mission work to influence the natives with cultural and religious instruction.
What was Spain’s method of conquest?
Missions became the engine of colonization in North America. Missionaries, most of whom were members of the Franciscan religious order, provided Spain with an advance guard in North America. Catholicism had always justified Spanish conquest, and colonization always carried religious imperatives.
Which was a major impact of Spanish colonization of the Americas?
When the Spanish conquered the Americas, they brought in their own religion. Hundreds of Native Americans converted to Christianity. Churches, monasteries, shrines and parishes were built. This was one of the Spanish’s main goals in colonization, as well as giving Spain more power.
Why did the Spanish conquer the Americas and not the Americas the Aztecs or Incas conquer the Spanish?
In the early 1500s, Spanish forces sailed across the Pacific and conquered the Aztec and Incan civilizations, even though the invading armies were greatly outnumbered by the indigenous population. This conquest was due, in part, to differences in technology and experience.
What advantages did the Spanish have in their conquests in the New World?
The advantages that the Spanish had over the Native Americans were 16 horses, some guns and other superior weapons, and alliances with fellow enemies of the Aztec. What was the encomienda system? The encomienda system gave settlers the right to tax local Native Americans or to make them work.
Which of the following best describes a primary reason the Spanish were successful in their conquest of the Aztecs?
Hernan Cortes was able to conquer the Aztec Empire by scaring the natives with the 16 horses, gaining alliances with the other enemies of the Aztec, having superior and better weapons than the natives (like guns), having armor, and having steel.
How did the Spanish conquer South America?
The Treaty of Tordesillas in 1494 drew a north-to-south line through South America. Spain gained territory west of the line, while Portugal retained the lands east of the line, including the east coast of Brazil.
How were the Spanish able to conquer the Aztecs?
Spanish conquistadores commanded by Hernán Cortés allied with local tribes to conquer the Aztec capital city of Tenochtitlán. Cortés’s army besieged Tenochtitlán for 93 days, and a combination of superior weaponry and a devastating smallpox outbreak enabled the Spanish to conquer the city.
Why did the Spanish want to conquer the Aztecs?
Cortes wanted to conquer the aztecs for gold glory and god. Because of these things, many people in the Aztec Empire were unhappy. Some of them helped the Spanish conquistadors take over the Empire.