How do you refer to a family by last name in Spanish?

When addressing someone by their surname in Spanish cultures, as a general rule you use their paternal surname. So, José Luis Rodríguez Zapatero would be known as Señor Rodriguez, not Señor Zapatero.

How do you reference a Spanish last name?

If the surname is hyphenated, include both names and the hyphen in the reference list entry and in-text citation. If the surname has two parts separated by a space and no hyphen, include both names in the reference list entry and in-text citation. Many Spanish names follow this format.

Which last name comes first in Spanish?

Spanish names typically consist of a given name (simple or composite) followed by two surnames. Usually, the first surname is the father’s first surname, and the second the mother’s first surname.

How do you address a Hispanic last name?


  1. Mexicans have a personal name(s) followed by two surnames – the father’s paternal family name and then the mother’s paternal family name. …
  2. The first of the surnames (the father’s family name) is used alone to address people, whilst the second family name (the mother’s) is rarely used in isolation.
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What does the EZ IZ or es ending on many Hispanic last names mean?

At the end of many Spanish last names are the suffixes: -ez, -az, -oz, and –iz. These suffixes all mean “son of,” turning last names into identifiers of parentage.

Why do Hispanic families have two last names?

The two surnames names are ancestral, with the father’s family name followed by the mother’s family name. In Colombia, for example, “Ernesto Escobar Vega” uses two surnames (“Escobar Vega ”) as his legal name, with “Escobar” coming from his father and “Vega” coming from his mother.

How do you use et al?

How to Use Et Al.

  1. Don’t use et al. …
  2. For references with three to five authors, list all the authors in the first citation of the work, but abbreviate using the name of the first author and et al. …
  3. For references with more than six authors, cite using the first author’s name plus et al.

How do last names work in Spanish culture?

In Spanish cultures, people traditionally have 2 surnames. The first is the paternal surname (apellido paterno), the father’s first surname, and the second is the maternal surname (apellido materno), the mother’s first surname.

Where does your Hispanic last name come from?

Hispanic surnames can be especially important to genealogists because children are commonly given two surnames, one from each parent. The middle name (first surname) traditionally comes from the father’s name (apellido paterno), while the last name (second surname) is the mother’s maiden name (apellido materno).

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What is family name example?

A first or middle name that is or was a surname within the family, as the mother’s maiden name. The definition of a family name, also called a surname, is a last name to identify the members of a family. An example of family name is “Obama” to Barack’s family.

Why does Mexico use two last names?

Within the Hispanic tradition, the woman does not change her surnames when she gets married. Instead, the combination of our parents’ first surnames represents the unity of two families and the formation of a new one. Hence, both surnames carry great value for many Hispanics.

Why do Spanish last names end in EZ?

the -ez suffix

It is suprising the number of Spanish surnames end in ez. This is because it means “son of”, like the suffix -son and -sen in many German and Scandinavian languages. In Portuguese the -ez becomes a -es.

Is Del part of the last name?

Spanish del, formed from the fusion of the preposition de and the definite article el, is capitalized and used with the last name alone.

Is Perez a Mexican name?

Spanish (Pérez) and Jewish (Sephardic): patronymic from the personal name Pedro, Spanish equivalent of Peter.

What is the rarest Hispanic last name?

Uncommon Hispanic last names

  • Aguilar – eagle.
  • Asturias – a region in Spain; rock, water.
  • Bolivar – a small Basque village; mill, meadow.
  • Cano – white-haired, old.
  • Delgado – thin, delicate, tender, charming.
  • Elizondo – the person who lives close to a church.
  • Fonseca – the person who lives near a dry spring.
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What is the most common Spanish family name?

These are lists of the most common Spanish surnames in Spain, Mexico, The Caribbean (Puerto Rico, Cuba, Dominican Republic), and Guatemala.

Central America

  • Lopez – 371,525.
  • Garcia – 285,670.
  • Morales – 228,167.
  • Hernández – 222,755.
  • Pérez – 209,963.
  • González – 208,795.
  • Rodríguez – 135,978.
  • De León – 134,010.