Gold, silver, and furs attracted European exploration, colonization, and competition in the New World. Rivalries between European nations were often rooted in religious or political feuds taking place in Europe, yet these tensions played out in the theater of the New World.
What are three reasons Spanish explorers came to North America?
Historians generally recognize three motives for European exploration and colonization in the New World: God, gold, and glory.
Why were Spanish explorers interested in the Americas?
Soon after Christopher Columbus arrived in the Americas in 1492, the Spanish began to hear stories of civilizations with immense riches. Hoping to claim this wealth and territory for Spain and themselves, conquistadors, or “conquerors,” sailed across the Atlantic Ocean.
What was the purpose of Spanish and French exploration?
Old World monarchs dispatched explorers and small armies to the newly discovered continent to establish outposts, spread religious beliefs, and seek treasure. The advanced Indian civilizations of South and Central America were prime targets for invasion because of their abundance of gold and silver.
Why did Spain and France send explorers to North America?
Although they wanted a share of the American gold and silver, they were more interested in finding a westward route to Asia. In 1524, the French king commissioned Italian explorer Giovanni da Verrazano to search for a passageway through the New World.
What did the French establish in the Americas?
France established colonies in much of eastern North America, on a number of Caribbean islands, and in South America. Most colonies were developed to export products such as fish, rice, sugar, and furs.
What did Spanish explorers find in North America?
HERNANDO DE SOTO explored the southeast region of North America for Spain, searching for gold, a suitable site for a colony, and an overland route from Mexico to the Atlantic.
What did Spanish explorers hope to find in the Americas?
What did Spain hope to find in the Americas? Mexico and Peru were lands rich in silver and gold. Hoping to find similar wealth to the north, conquistadors explored the southeastern and southwestern parts of what is today the United States.
Why did Spanish explorers go to the Americas during the 15th century?
Only late in the 15th century did an emerging modern Spain become fully committed to the search for new trade routes overseas. In 1492, Christopher Columbus’s expedition was funded in the hope of bypassing Portugal’s monopoly on west African sea routes, to reach “the Indies.”
Why did the Spanish want to conquer the Aztecs?
Cortes wanted to conquer the aztecs for gold glory and god. Because of these things, many people in the Aztec Empire were unhappy. Some of them helped the Spanish conquistadors take over the Empire.
How did the French and Spanish explorers differ in their approach to the new world?
Spanish settlers tried to assimilate American Indians, while French settlers learned their customs. B. Spanish settlers traded peacefully with American Indians, while French settlers forced them into slave labor.
How did Spanish and French exploration differ?
The French explorers had a good relationship with the Natives, they did not try to change the Natives, they did not compete with them for land. Spanish explorers treated the Natives with inferiority, slaving them in the Caribbean and South America.
How did the Spanish conquer and colonize the Americas?
Spain shifted strategies after the military expeditions wove their way through the southern and western half of North America. Missions became the engine of colonization in North America. Missionaries, most of whom were members of the Franciscan religious order, provided Spain with an advance guard in North America.