The Spanish missionaries wanted to get Native Americans to practice Roman Catholicism (a branch of Christianity). The Spanish built missions throughout the southern parts of what is now the United States. The missions stretched from California to Florida and Georgia.
Why did Spain want California?
They wanted to be able to claim the natural resources of the area and the associated wealth. Because the territory was so remote and difficult to get to, they struggled to convince Spanish and Mexican colonists to move to the area.
What did the Spanish bring to California?
Spanish explorers first ventured into southern California in 1533 hoping to find fabled cities of gold. Along with beads and trinkets, seafarers unwittingly brought lethal diseases to the California Native Americans who welcomed them ashore.
What were two reasons for explorers to sail for California?
Why did the Spanish explore and colonize North America? Motivations for colonization: Spain’s colonization goals were to extract gold and silver from the Americas, to stimulate the Spanish economy and make Spain a more powerful country. Spain also aimed to convert Native Americans to Christianity.
Why did the Spanish establish communities in California?
The California missions comprise a series of religious outposts established by Spanish Catholic Dominicans, Jesuits, and Franciscans, to spread the Christian doctrine among the local Native Americans.
How did the Spanish colonize California?
The Spanish divided California into four military districts, each under the jurisdiction of a military establishment or presidio, which protected several missions and vast areas of land. The presidios also served to reinforce Spanish control over the native people.
Why did the Spanish want to establish settlements and missions in California?
The main goal of the California missions was to convert Native Americans into devoted Christians and Spanish citizens. Spain used mission work to influence the natives with cultural and religious instruction.
How did the Spanish learn about the coast of Alta California?
6. How did the Spanish learn about the about the west coast of Alta California? From a sea expedition led by Juan Rodriguez Cabrillo.
What did the Spanish missionaries hope to do?
The Spanish mission was a frontier institution that sought to incorporate indigenous people into the Spanish colonial empire, its Catholic religion, and certain aspects of its Hispanic culture through the formal establishment or recognition of sedentary Indian communities entrusted to the tutelage of missionaries under …
Why did the Spanish establish missions in California quizlet?
Why did the Spanish establish missions in California? They were intended to serve as places of religious conversion and economic productivity.
How many Spanish missions are in California?
The 21 missions that comprise California’s Historic Mission Trail are all located on or near Highway 101, which roughly traces El Camino Real (The Royal Road) named in honor of the Spanish monarchy which financed the expeditions into California in the quest for empire.
Why did the Spanish settle the Southwest and California?
The crown created civil and religious structures to administer the vast territory. The main motivations for colonial expansion were profit through resource extraction and the spread of Catholicism through indigenous conversions.
What was the impact of Spanish exploration on the native Californians?
By 1848, diseases springing from centuries of interaction with the Spanish had reduced California’s native population by more than two-thirds. This catastrophic decline disrupted families, communities, and trading networks, weakening native resistance to Spanish, Mexican, and American intrusion.
What were Spanish colonists in California called?
Secularization of the missions was sought by Spanish Mexican settlers known as Californios when Mexico became independent of Spain in 1821. Between 1833 and 1840 the mission ranches were parceled out to political favourites by the Mexican government.
When was California annexed?
Baja California was returned to Mexico in subsequent Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo negotiations. California was under U.S. control by January 1847,after the signing of the Treaty of Cahuenga, and formally annexed and paid for by the U.S. in the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo signed in 1848.
How did Mexico get California from Spain?
The Spanish colony of Mexico embarked on a war for independence in 1821. Following a successful revolt later that year, the Colony won its freedom from Spain. Alta California, which encompasses present-day California, passed quietly into Mexican control.