Viceroy (virrey) was the title given to the principal governors of Spain’s American colonies, as well as to the governors of the “kingdoms” (reinos) of peninsular Spain proper (e.g., Aragon, Valencia).
What was the role of the viceroy in New Spain?
Within this territory, the viceroys of New Spain aided in converting the native population to Christianity, developed an array of educational institutions, and oversaw an economy based almost entirely on mining and ranching.
What rank is viceroy?
Viceroy is a form of royal appointment rather than noble rank. An individual viceroy often also held a noble title, however, such as Bernardo de Gálvez, 1st Viscount of Galveston who was also Viceroy of New Spain.
What is an example of viceroy?
a person appointed to rule a country or province as the deputy of the sovereign: the viceroy of India. a brightly marked American butterfly, Limenitis archippus, closely mimicking the monarch butterfly in coloration.
What is a viceroy and what kind of power did he have in New Spain?
A viceroy was a high ranking Spanish official appointed by the Spanish crown to govern the massive empire of New Spain. There were two viceroys, one for Spain’s northern holdings and one for Spain’s southern holdings.
What did viceroyalties do?
The viceroyalty (Spanish: virreinato) was a local, political, social, and administrative institution, created by the Spanish monarchy in the sixteenth century, for ruling its overseas territories.
What does a viceroyalty mean?
Definition of viceroyalty
: the office, authority, or term of service of a viceroy also : the territory or jurisdiction of a viceroy.
Why is viceroy important?
viceroy, one who rules a country or province as the representative of his sovereign or king and who is empowered to act in the sovereign’s name. … The viceroy’s princely salary was supposed to prevent corruption, and commercial dealings were forbidden to him.
What is another word for viceroy?
In this page you can discover 15 synonyms, antonyms, idiomatic expressions, and related words for viceroy, like: ruler, proxy, representative, nabob, consul, governor, chief-executive, butterfly, satrap, commander-in-chief and Limenitis archippus.
Which viceroy has been called as gentleman?
George Curzon, 1st Marquess Curzon of Kedleston
|His Excellency The Most Honourable The Marquess Curzon of Kedleston KG GCSI GCIE PC FBA|
|Succeeded by||The Viscount Cowdray|
|Viceroy of India|
|In office 6 January 1899 – 18 November 1905|
|Monarch||Victoria Edward VII|
How many viceroys are there?
Viceroys in India from 1858 to 1947
|Lord Willingdon||1931 – 1936|
|Lord Linlithgow||1936 – 1944|
|Lord Wavell||1944 – 1947|
Are there any viceroy’s today?
The two historic residences of the Viceroys still stand: the Viceroy’s House in New Delhi and Government House in Kolkata. They are used today as the official residences of the President of India and the Governor of West Bengal, respectively.
What Encomiendas mean?
As legally defined in 1503, an encomienda (from Spanish encomendar, “to entrust”) consisted of a grant by the crown to a conquistador, a soldier, an official, or others of a specified number of “Indios” (Native Americans and, later, Filipinos) living in a particular area. …
What were some effects of Spanish exploration of the Americas?
This involved an exchange of plants, goods, ideas, and diseases from Europe to the Americas. This exchange benefitted Europeans more than Native Americans because Europeans spread smallpox , a deadly disease, to Native Americans when they came into contact with them.
What was the significance of New Spain’s location?
New Spain’s port of Acapulco became the New World terminus of the transpacific trade with Asia via the Manila galleon. The New Spain became a vital link between Spain’s New World empire and its East Indies empire.
What were the two viceroyalties in the New World?
In the eighteenth century, a burgeoning population, among other factors, led the Spanish to split the viceroyalty of Peru apart so that it could be governed more effectively. This move resulted in two new viceroyalties: New Granada and Río de la Plata.