Where do ordinal numbers go in Spanish?

We have just learned that ordinal numbers are often adjectives. As you may know, an adjective generally comes after the noun it describes in Spanish. In the case of ordinal numbers, however, they come before the noun unless discussing a member of royalty or the pope.

Where do ordinal numbers go in a sentence?

Order / Position

We use ordinal numbers to show the order or position of things. For example, if you were watching 5 people running in a race, the person winning is in first place and the person in last is in fifth place. In this example, the ordinal numbers are indicating the order/position of the people in the race.

Do ordinal numbers come before or after the noun?

Primero and tercero drop the -o in the masculine singular adjective form. Ordinal numbers usually precede the noun. However, if the noun they refer to is royalty, a pope, or a street, they come after the noun. Ordinal numbers are not normally used after 10.

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What part of speech are ordinal numbers in Spanish?

The “ordinal numbers” are those that are used to denote the order of the noun that they refer to – first, second, third, etc. The ordinal numbers in Spanish are adjectives that have to agree with their noun in both gender and number.

Do numbers come before or after the noun in Spanish?

In Spanish, nouns can be preceded by numbers. Read and listen to these examples: Tengo dos cuadernos rojos. I have two red exercise books.

How do you use ordinal numbers in Spanish?

The use of the ordinal number to denote the first of the month is a general and common rule for Spanish, but it is acceptable only in Spain to use uno instead of primero (El uno de abril).

Ordinal Numbers 1-10.

English Spanish
First Primero
Second Segundo
Third Tercero
Fourth Cuarto

How do you write ordinal numbers in Spanish?

They are:

  1. First: primero.
  2. Second: segundo.
  3. Third: tercero.
  4. Fourth: cuarto.
  5. Fifth: quinto.
  6. Sixth: sexto.
  7. Seventh: séptimo, sétimo.
  8. Eighth: octavo.

How do you abbreviate ordinal numbers in Spanish?

The Spanish ordinal numbers may be abbreviated. You use the superscript o for masculine nouns and the superscript a for feminine nouns.

And you use er only for the abbreviations of primer and tercer:

  1. primero(a): 1o(a)
  2. segundo(a): 2o(a)
  3. tercero(a): 3o(a)
  4. cuarto(a): 4o(a)
  5. primer: 1er.
  6. tercer: 3er.

How do you find ordinal numbers?

We can use ordinal numbers to define their position. The numbers 1st(First), 2nd(Second), 3rd(Third), 4th(Fourth), 5th(Fifth), 6th(Sixth), 7th(Seventh), 8th(Eighth), 9th(Ninth) and 10th(Tenth) tell the position of different athletes in the race. Hence, all of them are ordinal numbers.

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How do numbers affect adjectives in Spanish?

In Spanish, adjectives must agree with the noun (or pronoun) they describe in gender and in number. This means that if the noun an adjective describes is feminine, the adjective must be feminine, and if that same noun is also plural, the adjective will be feminine AND plural as well.

Are numbers adjectives in Spanish?

Just like cardinal numbers, ordinal numbers are adjectives. But, unlike Spanish cardinal numbers, Spanish ordinal numbers actually do match the nouns they modify in both gender and number. Additionally, ordinal numbers usually come before nouns. Check out these examples showing Spanish ordinal numbers in use.

Is Quince an ordinal number?

Ordinal numbers indicate position in a sequence: first, second, third, etc.

Spanish Cardinal Numbers: 0 – 20
Spanish Cardinal English Cardinal Arabic Numeral
trece thirteen 13
catorce fourteen 14
quince fifteen 15

How do you spell 11th in Spanish?

British Dictionary definitions for eleventh

  1. coming after the tenth in numbering or counting order, position, time, etc; being the ordinal number of eleven: often written 11th.
  2. (as pronoun)the eleventh in succession.

How are numbers written in Spanish?

The words for the first 15 numbers in Spanish are uno (1), dos (2), tres (3), cuatro (4), cinco (5), seis (6), siete (7), ocho (8), nueve (9), diez (10), once (11), doce (12), trece (13), catorce (14), and quince (15).

How do numbers work in Spanish?

There’s no real pattern, you just have to learn them: uno, dos, tres, cuatro, cinco, seis, siete, ocho, nueve, diez, once, doce, trece, catorce, quince. Other than veinte (again), they all have a clear relationship with the related smaller number: cuatro <-> cuarenta, ocho <-> ochenta, etc.

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Does Nuevo go before or after?

4. Meaning-Change Adjectives

Adjective Before the noun After the noun
nuevo another /newly acquired new/newly made
pobre unfortunate poor
propio his/her own especially for someone
puro sheer/nothing but pure