The Venezuelans wanted to protect their nation and their people. The Venezuelans were justified in rebelling against Spain because the Spaniards violated their rights, broke agreements, and brought death and destruction to Venezuela. According to the proclamation, what was Bolivar’s mission?
Why did Venezuela want freedom from Spain?
The Venezuelan Declaration of Independence (Spanish: Acta de la Declaración de Independencia de Venezuela) is a statement adopted by a congress of Venezuelan provinces on July 5, 1811, through which Venezuelans made the decision to separate from the Spanish Crown in order to establish a new nation based on the premises …
What was the Venezuelan revolution fighting for?
The Venezuelan War of Independence (Spanish: Guerra de Independencia de Venezuela, 1810–1823) was one of the Spanish American wars of independence of the early nineteenth century, when independence movements in Latin America fought against rule by the Spanish Empire, emboldened by Spain’s troubles in the Napoleonic …
What inspired Bolívar in his revolt against Spain?
Under Rodríguez’s guidance, Bolívar read and studied the likes of John Locke, Thomas Hobbes, Voltaire, and Jean-Jacques Rousseau. It’s likely that Rodríguez’s early lessons in liberalism influenced Bolívar in his later decision to rebel against Spanish rule. Learn about liberal philosophy and its foremost philosophers.
Why did the Spanish go to Venezuela?
Colonial Venezuela’s primary value to Spain was geographic. During its annual journey between Portobelo, in present-day Panama, and Cuba, the Spanish bullion fleet depended on Venezuela’s long Caribbean coastline for security from foreign enemies and pirates.
When did Spain lose Venezuela?
The First Venezuelan Republic
Radicals within the government, such as Simón Bolívar, José Félix Ribas, and Francisco de Miranda pushed for unconditional independence and on July 5, 1811, the congress approved it, making Venezuela the first South American nation to formally sever all ties with Spain.
What is Venezuela known for?
It has the world’s largest known oil reserves and has been one of the world’s leading exporters of oil. Previously, the country was an underdeveloped exporter of agricultural commodities such as coffee and cocoa, but oil quickly came to dominate exports and government revenues.
How did the Enlightenment influence Venezuela?
Enlightened ideals included equality for men, self-rule, representative government with input from the working and middle classes, and, most important, freedom from tyranny and slavery. In Venezuela, some of these ideals were met and some were discussed and then ignored.
When did the Venezuelan revolution take place?
Battle of Carabobo, (June 24, 1821), during the Latin American wars of independence, a victory won by South American patriots over Spanish royalists on the plains to the west of Caracas; it virtually freed Venezuela from Spanish control.
What did Bolívar hope to accomplish?
What did Bolívar hope to accomplish? He envisioned the formation of a single country extending from present-day Venezuela to modern Bolivia. However, his plans clashed with those of his followers, and the grand nation he dreamed of creating fell apart.
What does Bolívar have against the Spanish government?
Bolívar outright rejected the implementation of a pure federal model in the newly freed lands of Spanish America. He did not believe that a federal system could withstand the turbulent environment and political factions present in Spanish America. Bolívar was a product of the Enlightenment.
Why is Simón Bolívar important?
Bolívar was a revolutionary leader in the independence wars of South America and strove to liberate colonies from the Spanish Empire. He led Venezuela, Colombia, Panama, Ecuador, and Peru to their independence and even briefly united them as a single nation called Gran Colombia.
When did the Spanish come to Venezuela?
Venezuela was first colonized by Spain in 1522. Indeed, the Spanish Empire’s first permanent South American settlement was in what is now Cumaná.
What resources did Spain take from Venezuela?
Wheat, tobacco, and leather were among the early products exported from colonial Venezuela. The Spanish crown, however, showed little interest in Venezuela’s agriculture. Spain was obsessed with extracting precious metals from its other territories to finance a seemingly endless series of foreign wars.
How long did Spain control Venezuela?
The Spanish government ruled Venezuela until the early 1800s, when political discontent began to grow in the colony. In 1810 the revolution to gain independence from Spain began and Venezuela declared its independence a year later on July 5, 1811.